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Although some claim the shroud impression contains human blood, that contention has never been proved by science, and the trickles of blood on the head appear to confirm that the image is a forgery, as the blood would have been matted in the hair, not running down the scalp.
As concerns the so-called blood purportedly on the shroud, CSICOP says: BLOOD.
This is verified by recent scientific investigation which found paint in the image areas.The shroud cloth was radiocarbon dated to circa 1260-1390 by three separate laboratories.The date is consistent with a fourteenth-century bishop's report to Pope Clement VII that an earlier bishop had discovered the forger and that he had confessed.The "blood" has been definitively proved to be composed of red ocher and vermilion tempera paint." There remains a debate among the faithful, however, as to the nature of the supposed paint or pigments and whether or not they are present on the shroud.The claims of pollen supposedly found on the shroud, allegedly indicating that the cloth was manufactured in the Middle East before the eighth century, have been discredited as "fraud" and "junk science." The person who originally claimed to have found the pollen on the shroud, Max Frei, has been accused of "sleight of hand" in reporting that pollen samples he took from living plants were subsequently found on the shroud.
Independent tests in 1988 at the University of Oxford, the University of Arizona, and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology concluded with 95% confidence that the shroud material dated to 1260–1390 AD....